Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 74-79
Production and Quality Evaluation of Margarine from Blends of Melon and Palm Kernel Oils
Aondoakaa Philip Ityotagher, Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Chihichan Terhile, Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Received: Jul. 9, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 28, 2020;       Published: Aug. 10, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.wjfst.20200403.12      View  194      Downloads  92
Abstract
The potential of margarine production from blends of melon and palm kernel oil was studied. Margarine samples were produced from composite oils containing 100:0, 80:20 and 70:30 melon seed oil and palm kernel oil, respectively. The physico-chemical composition, proximate properties and sensory evaluation were determined using standard methods. All data were subjected to statistical analysis at 5% level of significance. Proximate values increase for moisture (6.02-10.33%), ash (1.34-6.12%), crude fiber (4.27-6.99%) and carbohydrate (9.50-10.38%). Conversely, a decrease in protein and fat values was observed. Results for physico-chemical analyses showed a significant decrease in Iodine value (25.05-18.85) and peroxide value (0.44-0.32) with a remarkable increase in spread ratio (3.15-10.11%) and total soluble solids (45.32-75.46) but insignificant increase in acid value (1.84-2.30). Result for sensory evaluation showed that sample B had the highest score for all the sensory properties evaluated. However, it was not statistically different (P > 0.05) from sample C in terms of appearance, taste, aroma and mouth feel. Sample A with 100% melon oil and the blends (sample B and C) varied significantly (P < 0.05) in all the sensory properties investigated. It was concluded that the blend containing 70% melon oil and 30% palm kernel oil had the best potential for the production of margarine which would be acceptable.
Keywords
Margarine, Physico-Chemical, Proximate, Sensory, Melon, Palm-Kernel-Oil
To cite this article
Aondoakaa Philip Ityotagher, Chihichan Terhile, Production and Quality Evaluation of Margarine from Blends of Melon and Palm Kernel Oils, World Journal of Food Science and Technology. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2020, pp. 74-79. doi: 10.11648/j.wjfst.20200403.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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