Volume 4, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 46-52
Effect of Drying Temperatures and Aids on Polyphenol Content, Antioxidant Activity, and β Glucosidase Enzyme Inhibition Activity of Powder Stylissa flexibilis
Dang Xuan Cuong, Organic Matterial from Marine Resource, Nhatrang Institute of Technology Application and Research, Vietnam Academic of Science and Technology, Nha Trang, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Phuong Hien, Faculty of Food Technology, Nha Trang University, Nha Trang, Vietnam
Received: Mar. 17, 2020;       Accepted: Apr. 2, 2020;       Published: Apr. 29, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.wjfst.20200402.15      View  186      Downloads  57
Abstract
Sponge Stylissa flexibilis is Porifera belong to a medicine animal group in the Vietnam sea, contains numerous valuable bioactive substances. The study focused on the impact of spray-drying input temperatures (90°C, 100°C, 110°C, and 120°C) and aids (Maltodextrin, saccharose: maltodextrin mixture (1:1, w/w and 1:2, w/w)) on the physical-chemical properties (moisture content, solubility, and polyphenol content), antioxidant activities (mechanism Mo6+ and Fe3+), and inhibition enzyme β Glucosidase of sponge extract powder. The sponge was collected from the sponge in May 2017 in the Ninh Thuan sea. The results showed the polyphenol content, total antioxidant activity, reducing power activity, and β Glucosidase enzyme inhibition activity was affected by the temperature and aids of the drying process and got the highest value of 77.692 ± 2.025 mg phloroglucinol equivalent/100g DW, 98.526 ± 1.997 mg ascorbic acid equivalent/100g DW, 28.945 ± 0.754 mg FeSO4 equivalent/100g DW, and 75.38 ± 2.516/100 μg/ml was at 90°C, respectively, compared to the others. The moisture of powder was a negative-correlation to the increase of drying temperature. All the powder dissolved fully in the water. Polyphenol content and bioactivities (antioxidant activity, β Glucosidase enzyme inhibition activity) was a strong correlation with each other (R2>0.8) and a positive-correlation to drying temperature. The suitable condition for drying of active polyphenol powder was at 90°C and 10% of maltodextrin. Active polyphenol powder can be useful for applicating into functional foods and pharmaceutics.
Keywords
Antioxidant Activity, Marine Sponge, Polyphenol, Solubility, Sponge Powder, Spray-Drying, Glucosidase Enzyme
To cite this article
Dang Xuan Cuong, Nguyen Thi Phuong Hien, Effect of Drying Temperatures and Aids on Polyphenol Content, Antioxidant Activity, and β Glucosidase Enzyme Inhibition Activity of Powder Stylissa flexibilis, World Journal of Food Science and Technology. Special Issue: Marine Bio-Polymer: Bio-Activity, Extraction and Application. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2020, pp. 46-52. doi: 10.11648/j.wjfst.20200402.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
John N. H. and Rob, v. S., Systema porifera: a Guide to the classification of sponges, New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenem Publishers, 2002, pp. 1-4.
[2]
Rob W. V. S., et al. (2012). Global Diversity of Sponges (Porifera). PLoS One, 7 (4): e35105.
[3]
Phan V. K., et al. (2019). The chemical constituents and biological activity of some sponges in Northern Vietnam: A review. Vietnam J Chem, 57 (3): 261-271.
[4]
Duckworth A. R., C N Battershill and P, R. B. (1997). Influence of explant procedures and environmental factors on culture success of three sponges. Aquaculture, 156 251-267.
[5]
Ton T. H. D., Georg, S., Nguyen, T. K. C., Hauke, S. and Detmer, S. (2018). Archaeal and bacterial diversity and community composition from 18 phylogenetically divergent sponge species in Vietnam. Peer J, 6 e4970.
[6]
Faulkner D. (2002). Marine natural products. Nat Prod Rep, 19 1-48.
[7]
Gordaliza M. (2010). Review: cytotoxic terpene quinones from marine sponges. Mar Drugs, 8 2849-2870.
[8]
Blunt J., Copp, B., Hu, W.-P., Munro, M., Northcote, P. and Prinsep, M. (2009). Marine natural products. Nat Prod Rep, 26 170-244.
[9]
Zhu Y., Shen, J., Wang, H., Cosentino, L. and Lee, K. (2001). Synthesis and anti-HIV activity of oleanolic acid derivatives. Bioorg Med Chem Lett, 11 3115-3118.
[10]
Dang X. C., et al. (2019). Polyphenol content, phytochemistry compositions and antioxidant activity of different extracts from marine sponge Aaptos suberitoides grown in Nhatrang bay, Vietnam Int J Pharm Pharm Sci, 11 (9): 80-86.
[11]
Dang X. C., Vu, N. B., Tran, K. T. N., Nguyen, T. P. H. and Thai, M. Q. (2018). Species composition and bioactive substances of sponge in central southern area, vietnam. Fisheries Journal of Technology and Science, 3 17-25.
[12]
Mohamed S., Howaida, I. A. A., Amal, Z. H., Hanan, F. A. and Mohamed, A. G. (2012). Chemical characterization, antioxidant and inhibitory effects of some marine sponges against carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes. Org Med Chem Lett, 2 (1): 30.
[13]
Faten K. A. E.-H., Mohamed, S. A.-A., Kamel, H. S., Zeinab, A. E.-S. and Laila, S. I. (2015). Antioxidant, acetylcholinesterase and α-Glucosidase potentials of metabolites from the marine fungus Aspergillus unguis RSPG_204 associated with the sponge (Agelas sp.). Int J Pharm Sci Rev Res, 30 (1): 272-278.
[14]
Dang X. C., Vu, N. B., Nguyen, T. P. H. and Dang, T. T. T. (2019). Total polyphenol content, antioxidant and inhibition enzyme β - glucosidase activities of sponge Stylissa sp. Agriculture Journal and Rural Development, 19 87-94.
[15]
Tran K. T. N., Vu, N. B. and Dang, X. C. (2017). Initial purification of polyphenol with antioxidant activity from sponge Aaptos suberitoides Brøndsted (1934) Fisheries Journal of Technology and Science, 4 64-71.
[16]
Hung L., et al. (2018). Purification, characterization and biological effect of lectin from the marine sponge Stylissa flexibilis (Lévi, 1961). Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol, 216 32-38.
[17]
Prieto P., Pineda, M. and Aguilar, M. (1999). Spectrophotometric quantitation of antioxidant capacity through the formation of a phosphomolybdenum complex: specific application to the determination of vitamin E. Anal Biochem, 269 (2): 337-341.
[18]
Qin Y. Z., Robert, M. H., Jodi, L. E., Roberta, R. H. and Carl, L. K. (2002). Antioxidative activities of oolong tea. J Agric Food Chem, 50 (23): 6929-6934.
[19]
Verma, N., Behera, B. C. and Sharma, B. O. (2012). Glucosidase inhibitory and radical scavenging properties of lichen metabolites salazinic acid, sekikaic acid and usnic acid. Hacettepe J. Biol. & Chem, 40 (1): 7–21.
[20]
Takasi, S. and Seibi, P. A. (1988) Paste and gel properties of prime corn and wheat starches with and without nitric liquids. Cereal Chem, 65 474–483.
Browse journals by subject